Define Proteins

Define: Proteins

Proteins are made up of smaller units, called amino acids, and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body’s cells, tissues, and organs. They make up your hair, nails, bones, and muscles. Protein gives tissues and organs their shape and also helps organs to work efficiently.

  • Lean meats, seafood, beans, eggs, nuts, and seeds are all examples of food with proteins
  • Proteins, carbohydrates, fat are the three types of nutrients used as energy sources by the body
  • They provide four (4) calories of energy per gram

Related Definitions


Carbs or Carbohydrates are a type of macronutrient found in certain foods and drinks. Sugars, starches, and fiber are all forms of carbs. Your body needs these macronutrients to stay healthy. Carbs are refers to one of the three macronutrients. The other two are fat and protein.

Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids found in fish oils, especially from salmon and other cold-water fish. Eating foods that are enriched in Omega-3 fatty acids acts to lower the levels of cholesterol and especially cholesterol LDL the “bad cholesterol” along with triglycerides.


Antioxidants are natural (plant-based) or artificial substances that can help to prevent or even slow damage to cells caused by unstable molecules that the body produces in reaction to things in the environmental toxins, UV rays, inflammation in the body, and cigarette smoke.

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