The Low Sodium Diet: Food, Menus, FAQs, and Recipes

The Low Sodium Diet

Everything you need to know about the Low Sodium diet, including foods to eat, menus, FAQs, shopping lists, and more.

It is necessary for your body to have sodium in order to execute a variety of functions. According to the National Institute of Health, sodium is naturally found in eggs and vegetables, and it is also a significant component of table salt. Saturated fats and salt are essential for good nutrition and wellbeing. However, there may be certain restrictions. A low sodium diet is often prescribed to patients suffering from heart failure, high blood pressure, and renal illness. This article also covers the low sodium diet, the foods to avoid and incorporate in one’s diet.

What is the Low Sodium Diet Plan?

Numerous physiological functions, including cellular activity, fluid management, electrolyte balance, and blood pressure regulation, rely on sodium for their proper functioning. Consequently, your kidneys are constantly checking the levels of this mineral in your blood, since your health is dependent on it. Salinity is present in the majority of foods, which include fruits, vegetables, and poultry. Despite the fact that they are natural foods, they have a considerably lower amount of sodium.

A vegan diet, for example, has a lower salt level than an animal-based diet, which is why it is considered a healthier option. High sodium consumption is caused by the addition of salt during the production process to improve the flavor of processed and packaged goods such as chips, frozen dinners, and fast food. Additionally, adding salt to food while preparing meals in the kitchen and using salt as a seasoning just before eating are also sources of additional sodium. Patients are often prescribed this diet by medical professionals in order to cure a number of illnesses, including excessive blood pressure and heart disease, among others.

Foods to Eat on the Low Sodium Diet

The Low Sodium Diet
foods to eat

The following foods are low in sodium and are suitable for a low-sodium diet.

  • Fresh Vegetables: Greens, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Peppers, Kale, Spinach, Brussels Sprouts 
  • Fresh Fruits: Apples, Berries, Bananas, Pears
  • Starchy Vegetables: Sweet Potatoes, Butternut Squash, Parsnips.
  • Grains: Brown Rice, Farro, Quinoa, Whole-Wheat Pasta.
  •  Dried beans
  • Poultry: Chicken, Turkey, Beef, Eggs
  • Fresh Fish: Cod, Sea Bass, Tuna
  • Healthy Fats: Olive Oil, Avocado Oil.
  • Dairy: Milk, Yogurt, Unsalted Butter, Low Sodium Cheese
  • Whole-Wheat Bread
  • Unsalted Nuts and Seeds: Pumpkin Seeds, Almonds, Peanuts. 
  • Low Sodium Snacks: Unsalted Pretzels, Unsalted Popcorn, Unsalted Tortilla Chips. 
  • Low Sodium Seasonings: Garlic, Salt-Free Blends. 

Foods Not to Eat

On a low-sodium diet, avoid the following foods because they are high in sodium.

  • Fast Food: Burgers, Pizza, Fries
  • Salty Snacks: Salted Pretzels, Salted Nuts, Salted Crackers, Salted Ro
  • Sauces and Condiments: Gravy, Soy Sauce, Ketchup.
  • Seasonings: Salt, Salt Blends

What to Drink on the Low Sodium Diet

The low Sodium Diet
what to drink

The following drinks listed are low in sodium.

  • Tea
  • Coffee
  • Water

What Not to Drink 

Avoid the following drinks.

  • Sport Drinks
  • Alcohol 
  • Carbonated Drinks


Thank you for taking the time to learn more about our low sodium eating plan. You may download and use our free embedded checklists at any time. When it comes to meal preparation and grocery shopping, this will be very helpful.